1 in every 113 people globally is now either an asylum-seeker, internally displaced or a refugee. Over half are children.
Photo Credit: ICMC
around the world have been forced from their homes,
over half are children
are forcibly displaced every day as a result
of conflict or persecution
is now either an asylum-seeker,
internally displaced, or a refugee
Refugees are people fleeing conflict or persecution. They are defined and protected in international law, and must not be expelled or returned to situations where their life and freedom are at risk. Nearly 20 million people around the world are currently refugees. Refugees were first defined by the UN with the 1951 Refugee Convention.
“A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.”
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An asylum-seeker is someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed. As of the end of 2014, there were approximately 1.8 million people around the world waiting for a decision on their asylum claims. Such a person may be called an “asylum seeker” until conferred with the status of “refugee” by the Contracting State where they formally make a claim for sanctuary or right of asylum.
An internally displaced person (IDP) is a person who has been forced to flee his or her home, but remains in his or her own country. Unlike refugees, IDPs are not protected by international law or eligible to receive many types of aid. According to the UNHCR, at the end of 2014, 38 million people had become displaced within their own country as a result of violence.
A stateless person is someone who is not a citizen of any country, either due to discrimination based on religion, gender, ethnicity or through gaps in nationality laws. There are at least 10 million stateless people around the world.
Statistics: UNHCR / June, 2016